UNITED STATES HEALTH DATA STATISTICS 1990-1992.
for the Complete Health Data
Modern Scientific Medicine
Prevalence of selected chronic conditions by John Gary Collins, M.B.A.,
Division of Health Interview Statistics
Highlights of the data contained in this report for the 3-year period
199092 are summarized in the following statements:
Note: deformities and orthopedic impairments
evidently mean such conditions as fallen arches, back pain, spinal deformities,
bunions, scoliosis, etc.
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- From the time period 197981 to the time period 199092, the
prevalence rate from asthma has increased almost 50 percent. The rates
from chronic bronchitis and hay fever or allergic rhinitis without asthma
have increased 46 percent and 25 percent, respectively.
- The highest number of bed-disability days were caused by deformities
or orthopedic impairments [See Note below] (161
million days), heart disease (158 million days), and arthritis (152 million
- Mental retardation was the chronic condition most likely to cause limitation
of activity, causing limitation of major or outside activities in 87.5
percent of persons affected.
- Multiple sclerosis was the second highest causing limitation in 69.4
percent of those with the condition.
- Deformities or orthopedic impairments was the chronic condition most
frequently reported in the interviews, with an annual average prevalence
of almost 35 million conditions or 140.6 per every 1,000 persons in the
civilian noninstitutionalized population.
- Chronic sinusitis, arthritis, and high blood pressure ranked second,
third, and fourth in prevalence among the chronic conditions reported,
with annual averages of 33.7, 31.8, and 27.6 million conditions, respectively.
- Among persons under 18 years of age, the four most prevalent chronic
conditions were hay fever, chronic sinusitis, asthma, and chronic bronchitis,
- Deformities or orthopedic impairments and chronic sinusitis were by
far the most prevalent chronic conditions among persons 1844 years
of age, with respective rates of 161.7 and 157.1 per 1,000 persons.
- Arthritis and high blood pressure were the conditions highest in prevalence
among persons in the age groups 4564 years and 6574 years.
- More than one-half the persons 75 years of age and over reported having
arthritis and over 40 percent of these persons report having deafness and
other hearing impairments.
- Deformities or orthopedic impairments, chronic sinusitis, and deafness
and other hearing impairments were the most frequent conditions reported
among males with respective rates of 136.7, 114.6, and 109.4 per 1,000
- Among women, arthritis and chronic sinusitis were the most frequently
reported chronic conditions with rates of 158.1 and 155.5 per 1,000 persons,
- Among black persons, high blood pressure was the most prevalent condition
reported, with a rate of 135.3 per 1,000 persons.
- High blood pressure and heart disease were the most frequently reported
circulatory conditions, whereas, chronic sinusitis and hay fever were the
most prevalent respiratory conditions.
- Deformities or orthopedic impairments and deafness and other hearing
impairments were by far the most prevalent impairments reported, with 35.0
and 23.3 million conditions,respectively.
- The prevalence rate of cataracts among persons 75 years of age and
over is almost 10 times the rate of the total population, 229.0 per 1,000
persons compared with 25.8.
- The chronic conditions reported to cause the most restricted activity
days were deformities or orthopedic impairments (600 million days), arthritis
(445 million days), and heart disease (400 million days).
- Malignant neoplasms of the lung, bronchus, and other respiratory sites
caused the highest number of restricted activity days per condition reported,
96.1 days per year.